2016雅思(阅读)模拟题及答案3

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2016雅思(阅读)模拟题及答案3是雅思考试的模拟试卷,试卷主要是针对阅读题进行强化练习。
试题类型:
  • Reading Module
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  • Reading Module
1

Green Wave Washes Over Mainstream ShoppingResearch in Britain has shown that green consumers continue to flourish as a significant group amongst shoppers. This suggests that politicians who claim environmentalism is yesterdays issue may be seriously misjudging the public mood. A report from Mintel, the market research organisation, says that despite recession and financial pressures, more people than ever want to buy environmentally friendly products and a green wave has swept through consumerism, taking in people previously untouched by environmental concerns, The recently published report also predicts that the process will repeat itself with ethical concerns, involving issues such as fair trade with the Third World and the social record of businesses. Companies will have to be more honest and open in response to this mood. Mintels survey, based on nearly 1,000 consumers, found that the proportion who look for green products and are prepared to pay more for them has climbed from 53 per cent in 1990 to around 60 per cent in 1994. On average, they will pay 13 per cent more for such products, although this percentage is higher among women, managerial and professional groups and those aged 35 to 44. Between 1990 and 1994 the proportion of consumers claiming to be unaware of or unconcerned about green issues fell from 18 to 10 per cent but the number of green spenders among older people and manual workers has risen substantially. Regions such as Scotland have also caught up with the south of England in their environmental concerns. According to Mintel, the image of green consumerism as associated in the past with the more eccentric members of society has virtually disappeared. The consumer research manager for Mintel, Angela Hughes, said it had become firmly established as a mainstream market. She explained that as far as the average person is concerned environmentalism has not gone off the boil. In fact, it has spread across a much wider range of consumer groups, ages and occupations. Mintels 1994 survey found that 13 per cent of consumers are very dark green, nearly always buying environmentally friendly products, 28 per cent are dark green, trying as far as possible to buy such products, and 21 per cent are pale green - tending to buy green products if they see them. Another 26 per cent are armchair greens; they said they care about environmental issues but their concern does not affect their spending habits. Only 10 per cent say they do not care about green issues. Four in ten people are ethical spenders, buying goods which do not, for example, involve dealings with oppressive regimes. This figure is the same as in 1990, although the number of armchair ethicals has risen from 28 to 35 per cent and only 22 per cent say they are unconcerned now, against 30 per cent in 1990. Hughes claims that in the twenty-first century, consumers will be encouraged to think more about the entire history of the products and services they buy, including the policies of the companies that provide them and that this will require a greater degree of honesty with consumers. Among green consumers, animal testing is the top issue - 48 per cent said they would be deterred from buying a product if it had been tested on animals—followed by concerns regarding irresponsible selling, the ozone layer, river and sea pollution, forest destruction, recycling and factory farming. However, concern for specific issues is lower than in 1990, suggesting that many consumers feel that Government and business have taken on the environmental agenda.Questions 1-6Do the following statements agree with the claims of the writer of Reading Passage 1? In boxes 1-6 on your answer sheet writeYES if the statement agrees with the claims of the writerNO if the statement contradicts the claims of the writerNOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

The research findings report commercial rather than political trends.

A.YES

B.NO

C.NOT GIVEN

2

Being financially better off has made shoppers more sensitive to buying green.

A.YES

B.NO

C.NOT GIVEN

3

The majority of shoppers are prepared to pay more for the benefit of the environment according to the research findings.

A.YES

B.NO

C.NOT GIVEN

4

Consumers green shopping habits are influenced by Mintels findings.

A.YES

B.NO

C.NOT GIVEN

5

Mintel have limited their investigation to professional and managerial groups.

A.YES

B.NO

C.NOT GIVEN

6

Mintel undertakes mardet surveys on an annual basis.

A.YES

B.NO

C.NOT GIVEN

7

What is Mintel?

Readers are said to bark at a text when______

A.they read too loudly.

B.there are too many repetitive words.

C.they are discouraged from using their imagination.

D.they have difficulty assessing its meaning.

8

The text suggests that______

A.pictures in books should be less detailed.

B.picture can slow down reading progress.

C.picture books are best used with younger readers.

D.pictures make modern books too expensive.

9

University academics are concerned because______

A.young people are showing less interest in higher education.

B.students cannot understand modern academic texts.

C.academic books are too childish for their undergraduates.

D.there has been a significant change in student literacy.

10

The youngest readers will quickly develop good reading skills if they______

A.learn to associate the words in a text with pictures.

B.are exposed to modern teaching techniques.

C.are encouraged to ignore pictures in the text.

D.learn the art of telling stories.