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2017年英语专业八级考试tem8模拟考试试题及答案(阅读理解)3

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2017年英语专业八级考试tem8模拟考试试题及答案(阅读理解)3

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1

Stratford-on-Avon, as we all know, has only one industry-William Shakespeare-but there are two distinctly separate and increasingly hostile branches. There is the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC), which presents superb productions of the plays at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre on the Avon. And there are the townsfolk who largely live off the tourists who come, not to see the plays, but to look at Anne Hathaway’s Cottage, Shakespeare’s birthplace and the other sights.

The worthy residents of Stratford doubt that the theatre adds a penny to their revenue. They frankly dislike the RSC’s actors, them with their long hair and beards and sandals and noisiness. It’s all deliciously ironic when you consider that Shakespeare, who earns their living, was himself anactor (with a beard) and did his share of noise - making.

The tourist streams are not entirely separate. The sightseers who come by bus- and often take in Warwick Castle and Blenheim Palace on the side – don’t usually see the plays, and some of them are even surprised to find a theatre in Stratford. However, the playgoers do manage a little sight -seeing along with their play going. It is the playgoers, the RSC contends, who bring in much of the town’s revenue because they spend the night (some of them four or five nights) pouring cash into the hotels and restaurants. The sightseers can take in everything and get out of town by nightfall.

The townsfolk don’t see it this way and local council does not contribute directly to the subsidy ofthe Royal Shakespeare Company. Stratford cries poor traditionally. Nevertheless every hotel in town seems to be adding a new wing or cocktail lounge. Hilton is building its own hotel there, which you may be sure will be decorated with Hamlet Hamburger Bars, the Lear Lounge, the Banquo Banqueting Room, and so forth, and will be very expensive.

Anyway, the townsfolk can’t understand why the Royal Shakespeare Company needs a subsidy. (The theatre has broken attendance records for three years in a row. Last year its 1,431 seats were 94 per cent occupied all year long and this year they’ll do better.) The reason, of course, is that costs have rocketed and ticket prices have stayed low.

It would be a shame to raise prices too much because it would drive away the young people who are Stratford’s most attractive clientele. They come entirely for the plays, not the sights. They all seem to look alike (though they come from all over) –lean, pointed, dedicated faces, wearing jeansand sandals, eating their buns and bedding down for the night on the flagstones outside thetheatre to buy the 20 seats and 80 standing-room tickets held for the sleepers and sold to them when the box office opens at 10:30 a.m.

From the first two paragraphs , we learn that

  • A.the townsfolk deny the RSC ’ s contribution to the town’s revenue
  • B.the actors of the RSC imitate Shakespeare on and off stage
  • C.the two branches of the RSC are not on good terms
  • D.the townsfolk earn little from tourism
2
It can be inferred from Paragraph 3 that
  • A.the sightseers cannot visit the Castle and the Palace separately
  • B.the playgoers spend more money than the sightseers
  • C.the sightseers do more shopping than the playgoers
  • D.the playgoers go to no other places in town than the theater
3
By saying “Stratford cries poor traditionally” (Line 2-3, Paragraph 4), the author implies that
  • A.Stratford cannot afford the expansion projects
  • B.Stratford has long been in financial difficulties
  • C.the town is not really short of money
  • D.the townsfolk used to be poorly paid
4
According to the townsfolk, the RSC deserves no subsidy because
  • A.ticket prices can be raised to cover the spending
  • B.the company is financially ill-managed
  • C.the behavior of the actors is not socially acceptable
  • D.the theatre attendance is on the rise
5
From the text we can conclude that the author
  • A.is supportive of both sides
  • B.favors the townsfolk’s view
  • C.takes a detached attitude
  • D.is sympathetic to the RSC
6

Policemen, both in Britain and the United States, hardly recognize any likeness between their lives and what they see on TV.

The first difference is that a policeman's real life centers round the law. Most of his training is in criminal law. He has to know exactly what actions are crimes and what evidence can be used to prove them in court. He has to know nearly as much as a professional lawyer, and what is more, he has to apply it on his feet, running down as alley after someone he wants to talk to.

He will spend most of his working life typing millions of words on thousands of forms about hundreds of sad, unimportant people who are guilty or not of stupid, petty crimes.

Most television crime drama is about the criminal. In real life, finding criminals is seldom much of a problem. Except in very serious cases like murders and terrorist attack where failure to produce results reflects on the standing of the police—little effort is spent on searching. The police have a well-designed machinery which eventually shows up most wanted men.

Having made an arrest, a detective really starts to work. He has to prove his case in court and to do that he often has to gather a lot of different evidence. Much of this has to be given by people who don't want to get involved in a court case. So, as well as being overworked, a detective has to be out at all hours of the day and night interviewing his witnesses and persuading them to help him.

A third big difference is the unpleasant moral twilight in which the real one lives. Detectives are subject to two opposing pressures: firstly, as members of a police force they always have to behave with absolute legality: secondly, as expensive public servants they have to get results. They can hardly ever do both.

If the detective has to deceive the world, the world often deceives him. Hardly anyone he meets tells him the truth. And this separation the detective feels between himself and the rest of the world is deepened by the simple-mindedness as he sees it, of citizens, social workers, doctors, lawmakers, and judges, who instead of stamping out crime, punish the criminals less severely in the hope that this will make them reform. The result, detectives feel, is that ninetenths of their work is recatching people who have stayed behind bars. This makes them rather cynical.

1. It is essential for a policeman to be trained in criminal law because

2. The everyday life of a policeman or detective is

3. When murders and terrorist attack occur the police

4. The real detective lives in “an unpleasant moral twilight" because

5. Detectives are rather cynical because

7

When you are small, all ambitions fall into one grand category(范畴): when I'm grown up. When I'm grown up, you say, I'll go up in space. I'm going to be an author. I'll kill them all and then they'll be sorry.

None of it ever happens, of course, or very little; but the fantasies give you the idea that the saddest things about golden youth is the feeling that from eighteen on, it is all downhill. A determination to be better adults than the present job-takers is fine, but to refuse to grow up at all is just plain unrealism.

Right, so then you get some of what you want, or something like it, or something that will do all right, and for years you are too busy to do more than live in the present and put one foot in front of the other; your goals stretching little beyond the day when the boss has a stroke or the moment when the children can bring you tea in bed and the later moment when they actually bring you hot tea, not mostly slopped in the saucer. However, I have now discovered an even sweeter category of ambition.

When my children are grown up I'll learn to fly an plane, I will career round the sky, knowing that if I do “go pop" there will be at least no little ones to suffer shock and grief; that even if the worst does come, I'll at least escape a long stay in hospital and all that looking for your glasses in order to see where you've left your teeth. When the children are grown up I'll actually be able to do a day's work for a weekend without planning as if for a trip to the moon. When I'm grown up—when they're grown up—I'll be free.

Of course, I know it's got to get worse before it gets better. Twelve-year-olds, I'm told, don't go to bed at seven, so you don't ever get your evenings; once they're past ten you have to start worrying about their friends instead of simply shutting the intruders(非法入侵者) off the doorstep. Of course, you've got even more to worry about.

1. What interests the writer about the young is that they

2. What does the author feel is wrong with the modern youth?

3. She feels that as an adult one must

4. When her children have grown up, the author will feel free to

5. What are her present feelings about her children?

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