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2017年英语专业八级tem8模拟考试试题及答案(语言知识改错题)1

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2017年英语专业八级tem8模拟考试试题及答案(语言知识改错题)1

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1

We live in a society which there is a lot of talk about science, but I would say ____1_____ that there are not 5 percent of the people who are equipped with school, including college, to understand scientific reasoning. We are more ignorant of science as people___2___ with comparable education in Western Europe.

There are a lot of kids who know everything about computers—how to build them, how to take them apart, and how to write programs for games. So if you ask _____3_____ them to explain about the principles of physics that have gone into creating the _____4_____ computer, you don?t have faintest idea. _____5_____

The failure to understand science leads to such things like the neglect of human _____6_____ creative power. It also takes rise to blurring of the distinction between ____7____science and technology. Lots of people don?t differ between the two. Science ____8____ new knowledge that can be applied or not, and technology is the application of is the production of knowledge to the production of some products, machinery or the like. The two are really different, and people who have the faculty for one very seldom have a faculty for the others. _____9_____

Science in itself is harmless, more or less. But as soon as it can provide technology, it?s not necessarily harmful. No society has yet learned to forecast the ___10_____ consequences of new technology, which can be enormous.

2

What is a black hole? Well, it is difficult to answer the question,as the terms we would normally use to describe a scientific phenomenon __1__ are adequate here. Astronomers and scientists think that a black hole is __2__ a region of space which matter has fallen and from which nothing can __3__ escape—not even light. But we can?t see a black hole. A black hole __4__ exerts a strong gravitational pull and yet it has no matter. It is only space—or thus we think. How can this happen? __5__

The theory is that some stars explode when their density increases to a particular point; they “collapse” and sometimes a supernova occurs. The collapse of a star may produce a “White Dwarf” of a “neutronstar”—a star which matter is so dense that if continually shrinks by the force of __6___ its own gravity. But if the star is very large, this process of shrinking maybe so intense that a black hole results in. Imagine the earth reduced to the __7__ size of a marble, but still having the same masses and a stronger __8__gravitational pull, and you have some ideas of the force of a black hole. __9__ And no matter near the black hole is sucked in. __10__

3

We live in a society which there is a lot of talk about science, but I would say ____1_____ that there are not 5 percent of the people who are equipped with school, including college, to understand scientific reasoning. We are more ignorant of science as people___2___ with comparable education in Western Europe.

There are a lot of kids who know everything about computers—how to buildthem, how to take them apart, and how to write programs for games. So if you ask _____3_____ them to explain about the principles of physics that have gone into creating the _____4_____ computer, you don?t have faintest idea. _____5_____

The failure to understand science leads to such things like the neglect of human _____6_____ creative power. It also takes rise to blurring of the distinction between ____7____science and technology. Lots of people don?t differ between the two. Science ____8____ new knowledge that can be applied or not, and technology is the application of is the production of knowledge to the production of some products, machinery orthe like. The two are really different, and people who have the faculty for one very seldom have a faculty for the others. _____9_____

Science in itself is harmless, more or less. But as soon as it can provide technology, it?s not necessarily harmful. No society has yet learned to forecast the ___10_____ consequences of new technology, which can be enormous.

4

The great whales are among the most fascinating creatures which __1__ have ever lived on the earth, and one of them, the blue whale, is the largest. People in ancient times thought whales as fearsome __2__ monsters of the ocean depths. So to hunt a whale, when one occasionally swam toward shore, he was high adventure. People __3__ found the adventure was rewarding, too, for the oil and meat from one whale alone could heat and feed a village for a whole winter.

Whales resemble huge fish. They were referred by the ancients as __4__ “great fish,” and any whale beaching along the coasts of England was designated “the King?s fish” because it automatically belonged to the Crown.

Ever since those early times, human have felt whales a sense of __5__ wonder mixed with an intense desire to capture, slaughter, and exploit. Now the slaughter has reached alarming proportions. __6__ Even though some species are protected by the regulations of the International Whaling Commission and theoretically all whale hunting is regulated, but the earth?s stock of whales is still being __7__ depleted. In fact, some scientists worry that 100 years since now __8__ there may be no whales left. If this happens, mankind will be blame for removing from the earth forever a remarkable and __9__ awe-inspiring creature that always fed man?s imagination and __10__ made the world a more exciting place

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