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2017年英语专业八级tem8模拟考试试题及答案(语言知识改错题)2

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2017年英语专业八级tem8模拟考试试题及答案(语言知识改错题)2

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1

We use language every day. We live in a world of words. Hardly any moment passes with someone talking, writing or reading. Indeed, __1__ languages is most essential to mankind. Our lives increasingly depend on fast and successful use of language. Strangely enough, we know __2__ more about things around us than on ourselves. For example, language __3__ is species specific, that is, it is language that differs human from __4__ animals. However, we do not know yet how exactly we inquire language __5__ and how it is possible for us to perceive through language; nor we __6__ understand precisely the combinations between language and thought, __7__ language and logic, or language and culture; still less, how and when language started. One reason for this inadequate knowledge of language is that we, like language users, take too many things for granted. __8__ Language comes to every normal person so naturally that a few __9__ of us stop to question what language is, much less do we feel the necessity to study it. Language is far more complex than most people have probably imagined and the necessity to study it is far greater than some people may have assured. Linguistic is a branch of science which __10__ takes language as its object of investigation.

2

Whenever you see an old film, even one made as little as ten years before, you can?t help being strucked by the __1__ appearance of the women taking part. Their hair styles and make-up look date; their skirts look either too long or too __2__ short; their general appearance is, in fact, slightly ludicrous.

The men taking part, on other hand, are clearly recognizable. __3__ There is nothing about their appearance to suggest that they belong to an entire different age. This illusion is created __4__ by changing fashions. Over the years, the great minority of men __5__ have successfully resisted all attempts to make it change their __6__ style. of dress. The same cannot be said for women. Each year,a fewer so-called top designers in Paris and London lay down __7__ on the law and women around the world run to obey. The __8__ decrees of the designers are unpredictable and dictatorial.Sometime they decide arbitrarily, that skirts will be short and __9__ waists will be height; hips are in and buttons are out. __10__

3

Demographic indicators show that Americans in the post war period were more eager than ever to establishing families. They quickly __1__ brought down the age at marriage for both men and women and brought the birth rate to a twentieth century height after more ___2___ than a hundred years of a steady decline, producing the “baby __3__ boom.” These young adults established a trend of early marriage and relatively large families that went for more than two decades ___4___ and caused a major but temporary reversal of long-term demographic patterns. From the 1940s through the early 1960s, Americans married at a high rate and at a younger age than their European counterparts. __5__

Less noted but equally more significant, the men and women who formed __6__ families between 1940 and 1960 nevertheless reduced the divorce rate after a __7__ postwar peak; their marriages remained intact to a greater extent than did that of __8__couples who married in earlier as well as later decades. Since the United States __9__ maintained its dubious distinction of having the highest divorce rate in the world, the temporary decline in divorce did not occur in the same extent in Europe. __10__ Contrary to fears of the experts, the role of breadwinner and homemaker was not abandoned.

4

When you start talking about good and bad manners you immediately start meeting difficulties. Many people just cannot agree what they mean. We asked a lady, who replied that she thought you could tell a well-mannered person on the __1__ way they occupied the space around them—for example, when such a person walks down a street he or she is constantly unaware of others. Such people never __2__ bump into other people.

However, a second person thought that this was more a question of civilized behavior. as good manners. Instead, this other person told us a story, __3__ it he said was quite well-known, about an American who had been invited __4__ to an Arab meal at one of the countries of the Middle East. The American __5__ hasn?t been told very much about the kind of food he might expect. If he had __6__ known about American food, he might have behaved better. __7__ Immediately before him was a very flat piece of bread that looked, to him, very much as a napkin. Picking it up, he put it into his collar, so that __8__ it falls across his shirt. His Arab host, who had been watching, __9__ said of nothing, but immediately copied the action of his guest. __10__ And that, said this second person, was a fine example of good manners.

5

Whenever you see an old film, even one made as little as ten years before, you can?t help being strucked by the __1__ appearance of the women taking part. Their hair styles and make-up look date; their skirts look either too long or too __2__ short; their general appearance is, in fact, slightly ludicrous.

The men taking part, on other hand, are clearly recognizable. __3__ There is nothing about their appearance to suggest that they belong to an entire different age. This illusion is created __4__ by changing fashions. Over the years, the great minority of men __5__ have successfully resisted all attempts to make it change their __6__ style. of dress. The same cannot be said for women. Each year,a fewer so-called top designers in Paris and London lay down __7__ on the law and women around the world run to obey. The __8__ decrees of the designers are unpredictable and dictatorial.Sometime they decide arbitrarily, that skirts will be short and __9__ waists will be height; hips are in and buttons are out. __10__

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