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2016年考研英语二真题及答案解析

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  • 试卷类型:历年真题
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  • 答案解析:有
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  • 作答时间:180分钟
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2016年考研英语二真题及答案解析,本套试卷是2016年考研英语二真题,有答案解析。

题型:

  • Cloze
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Choice collocation
  • Translation
  • Writing
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历年真题

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1

Happy people work differently. They’re more productive, more creative, and willing to take greater risks. And new research suggests that happiness might influence__1__firm’s work, too. Companies located in places with happier people invest more, according to a recent research paper.

__2__, firms in happy places spend more on R&D (research and development). That’s because happiness is linked to the kind of longer-term thinking__3__for making investments for the future. 

The researchers wanted to know if the__4__and inclination for risk-taking that come with happiness would__5__the way companies invested. So they compared U.S. cities’ average happiness__6__by Gallup polling with the investment activity of publicly traded firms in those areas. 

__7__enough, firms’ investment and R&D intensity were correlated with the happiness of the area in which they were__8__.But is it really happiness that’s linked to investment, or could something else about happier cities__9__why firms there spend more on R&D? To find out, the researchers controlled for various__10__that might make firms more likely to invest – like size, industry, and sales – and for indicators that a place was__11__to live in, like growth in wages or population. The link between happiness and investment generally__12__even after accounting for these things. 

The correlation between happiness and investment was particularly strong for younger firms, which the authors__13__to “less codified decision making process” and the possible presence of “younger and less__14__managers who are more likely to be influenced by sentiment.” The relationship was__15__stronger in places where happiness was spread more__16__.Firms seem to invest more in places where most people are relatively happy, rather than in places with happiness inequality. 

__17__ this doesn’t prove that happiness causes firms to invest more or to take a longer-term view, the authors believe it at least__18__at that possibility. It’s not hard to imagine that local culture and sentiment would help__19__how executives think about the future. “It surely seems plausible that happy people would be more forward-thinking and creative and__20__R&D more than the average,” said one researcher.

1______

  • A.why
  • B.where
  • C.how
  • D.when
2
2
  • A.In return
  • B.In particular
  • C.In contrast
  • D.In conclusion
3
3
  • A.sufficient
  • B.famous
  • C.perfect
  • D.necessary
4
4
  • A.individualism
  • B.modernism
  • C.optimism
  • D.realism
5
5
  • A.echo
  • B.miss
  • C.spoil
  • D.change
6
6
  • A.imagined
  • B.measured
  • C.invented
  • D.assumed
7
7
  • A.Sure
  • B.Odd
  • C.Unfortunate
  • D.Often
8
8
  • A.advertised
  • B.divided
  • C.overtaxed
  • D.headquartered
9
9
  • A.explain
  • B.overstate
  • C.summarize
  • D.emphasize
10
10
  • A.stages
  • B.factors
  • C.levels
  • D.methods
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