成人高考高起点英语模拟测试题及答案(7)

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试卷简介:
成人高考高起点英语模拟测试题及答案,该试卷为成人高考英语全真模拟试题卷,题型完整且包含详细解析。
试题类型:
  • 一、语音知识
  • 二、词汇与与语法知识
  • 三、完形填空
  • 四、阅读理解
  • 五、补全对话
  • 六、书面表达
成考英语精讲班视频教程
试卷预览
  • 一、语音知识
  • 二、词汇与与语法知识
  • 三、完形填空
  • 四、阅读理解
  • 五、补全对话
  • 六、书面表达
1

______

A.junior

B.sybstitute

C.dull

D.umbrella

2

______

A.forgive

B.explore

C.inform

D.portable

3

______

A.certain

B.fetilizer

C.merry

D.permanent

4

______

A.pillow

B.follow

C.blow

D.allow

5

______

A.insure

B.leisure

C.measure

D.pleasure

1

—_____?

—That would be great! Please drop me off at the library.

A.Could you bring me the bill

B.Would you like me to give you a lift

C.Could you tell me the postcode

D.Would you like to have my e-mail address

2

Students must be taught how to deal with dangerous____.

A.states

B.conditions

C.situations

D.positions

3

It is no____arguing with Tom because he will never change his mind

A.use

B.help

C.time

D.way

4

My dad was against my suggestion while my mum was____it.

A.in memory of

B.in favour of

C.in honour of

D.in search of

5

At the foot of the mountain____.

A.a village lie

B.lies a village

C.does a village lie

D.lying a village

6

It was after he got what he had desired____he realized it was not so important.

A.that

B.when

C.since

D.as

7

Where____in the past three years?

A.had you gone

B.have you gone

C.did you go

D.have you been

8

Jack came to the party____.

A.without inviting

B.without invited

C.without being invited

D.without a invitation

9

Would you mind____I smoke here?

A.that

B.when

C.because

D.if

10

I don’ t think this film worth____again.

A.to see

B.to be seen

C.seeing

D.being seen

1

Even a carefui motorist may have the misfortune to commit a motoring__ 21__ .In due course. having received a summons (传票), he will appear in a police court. In the court,the motorist hears his name called by the clerk of the court, and cormes forward to_ 22__himself. The magistrate (地方法官) then calls for the policeman who_ 23__ the offender and asks him to give evidence. The officer takes the oath to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. He also is expected to give an account__ 24 __what happened when the offence was committed and to mention any special circumstances. For instance the offence__ 25__partly due. to the foolishness of another motorist, It would be unwise for the accused motorist to exaggerate this. It will not help his case to try to blame__26_ for his own mistake. The magistrate, __27_ hearing that some other motorist is invoived, willl doubtless say:What is being done about this man? "Case coming up later this afternoon, may_ 28_ be the answer.__29__ you are guilty, it is of course wise to plead and apologize for committing the offence and__ 30__ the court's time, Magistrates are not heartless and a motorist may be lucky enough to hear one say:"There are mitigating circumstances, __31__ you have broken the law and I am obliged to impose a fine. Pay five pounds. Next case ". __32_ many of-fences,if you wish to plead guilty you may do so by post and ,avoid__33__ the court at all.Some. shor-tempered people forget that both policemen and magistrates have a public duty to_34 _and arerude to them. This does not pay :and rightly so! A magistrate wil not let off an offender 35 because he is respectable, but the courteous (有礼貌的) lawbreakers may certainly hope that the magistrate will extend to him what tolerance the law permits.

A.offence

B.crime

C.mistake

D.accident

2

A.identify

B.report

C.prove

D.defend

3

A.arrested

B.punished

C.scolded

D.charged

4

A.about

B.for

C.of

D.in

5

A.should have beem

B.must have been

C.may bave been

D.contd have been

6

A.someone else

B.something else

C.other someone

D.another someone

7

A.on

B.as

C.to

D.in

8

A.as well

B.will

C.as well as

D.just

9

A.If

B.Unless

C.Although

D.While

10

A.taking on

B.taking in

C.taking over

D.taking up

1

Apart from choosing a partner for life and hopefully having a family of ones own,perhaps the most important decision that one takes in life concerns the choice of a career.It is a good idea if young people realise that there is a big difference between a career and ajob. A job can mean anything from doing the washing up in a restaurant during the univer-sity vacation to working ina corner shop. It may be that a particular job lasts for years,but unless it involves some aspect of special training leading to qualifications, it remains a job and not a career, There are of. course. exceptions to this generalisation For example.many pop singers are self-trained, but the suecessful ones think of their development astheir career.

Of course. it has to be said that certain careers require fairly low level qualifications before a person can enter a training programme or gain experience on the job, In Britain,being a policeman or a nurse only requires a person to have the basic school leaving certificate of four or five GCSEs. Unfortunately, with the same kind of qualifications, a police -man can earn a quite reasonable salary, while,ordinary nurses are among the worst paid professionals of that society. Of course, certain careers take years of training for example, if one wants to become an accountant,a doctor or a lawyer. Even senior teachers, particularly those working in universities. may be in full-time educational training for eight years.

It is essential that young people choose their career carefully. It is no good wanting to he a doctor if one cannot stand the sighi of blood! It is pointless considering the teaching profession if one doctors not like young people. Some people even have the most peruliar And unrealistic ideas of what they want to do. Take for example the case of a young man who rang up a radio programme about careers recently and said he wanted advice on how to become a lion tamer! It is very likely that lion tamers (and there are not that many around) start working with animals at a very early age. They are probably born into a show business family. The young man on the radio, on the other hand, did not even seem to like cats.

What other two choices are important in life apart from a career?

A.Choosing a partner for life and doing the washing up in a restaurant.

B.Choosing a partner for life and working in a corner shop.

C.Choosing a partner for life and hopefully havinK a family of one’s own.

D.Taking a job and having a family of one’s own.

2

Which of these definitions of "generalisation" is suitable?

A.An unspecific statement.

B.The main poim of an argument.

C.One idea leading on to another.

D.A detailed statement.

3

What does it require in Britain to be b policeman or a nurse?

A.A training programme

B.The basic school leaving certificate of four or five GCSEs

C.Gain experience on the job

D.Special training leading to qualifications

4

For the following careers, which doesn’t take years of training?

A.A fireman.

B.An accountant.

C.A senior teacher.

D.A doctor.

5

On a more practical level, teachers need a wide variety of skills and abilities. Theyhave to be. ready to spend many hours at home planning their lessons. and making homework. They have to be well organized in class, patient with the students able to appear bright and interested even if they are in fact tired or unhappy, and lively enough to controla group of young people for almost 200 days a year. Outside the classroom, they may have to prepare teaching materials,to choose text books,to help organize the work of the otherteachers, or to organize spare time activities for the students.

If you think that you have all the necessary qualities, you may feel that you would like to be a teacher One way lo decide,if you live in the United Stales,is by joining a club for future teachers, such as Student Action For Education. Clubs like this give you advice about your career and also allow you to watch teachers at work, attend meetings and experiment with teaching methods and equipment. You could also talk wiih the career advisors at your school or university. Finally you could try teaching a younger student or becoming an advisor at summer camp for children.Any activity in which you are dealing with children will help you decide whether you have a vocation for teachering.

Which sentence in Paragraph 1 is topic sentence?

A.The 1st sentence

B.The 2nd sentence

C.The last sentence

D.There is no topic sentence in the paragraph

6

According to tKe author/ a teacher should show a firm mind

A.that suffers only from tiredness

B.that suffers only from unhappiness

C.that suffers only from unusual tiredness or unhappiness

D.that does not suffer from tiredness nor from unhappiness

7

The last paragraph is mainly concerned with___.

A.the ways of deciding one’s career

B.the ways to decide whether teaching could be one’s career

C.joining a club for future teachers

D.talking to dn advisor when choosing a career

8

Which of the following does the author recommend to a person who wants to be a teacher?

A.Watching teachers at work/ or organizing students/ spare time activities

B.Joining a future teacKers/ club, tdlking witK career advisors/ or working with children

C.Preparing and correcting homework/experimenting with teaching methods ditd equipment

D.Planning lessons/ or attending teachers/ meetings

9

All of the cells in a particular plant start out with the same complement of genes. How then can these cells differentiate and form. structures as different as roots, stems, leaves,and fruits? The answer is that only a small subset of the genes in a particular kind of cell are expressed,or turned on,at a given time. This is accomplished by a complex system of chemical messengers that in plants include hormones and other regulatory molecules. Five major hormones have been identified: auxin, abscisic acid ,cytokinin ,ethylene ,and gibberellin. Studies of plants have now identified a new class of regulatory molecules called oligosaccharins.Unlike the oligosaccharins,the five well-known plant hormones are pleiotropic rather than specifie, that is, each has more than one effect on the growth and development of plants. The five have so many simultaneous effects that they are not very useful in artificially controlling the growth of crops. Auxin, for instance, stimulates the rate of cell elon-gation(使伸长),causes shoots to grow up and roots to grow down, and inhibits the growth of lateral shoots. Auxin also causes the plant to develop a vascular system, to form. lateral roots,and to produce ethylene.The pleiotropy of the five well-studied plant hormones is somewhat analogous to that of certain hormones in animal. For example, hormones from the hypothalamus(下丘脑)in the brain stimulate the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland to synthesize and release many different hormones , one of which stimulates the release of hormones from the adrenal cor-tex(肾上腺皮质). These hormones have specific effects on target organs all over the body.One hormone stimulates the thyroid gland, for example,another the ovarian follicle cells,and so forth. In other words, there is a hierarchy of hormones.Such a hierarchy may also exist in plants. Oligosaccharins are fragments of the cell wall released by enzymes(酶);different enzymes release different oligosaccharins.There are indications that pleiotropic plant hormones may actually function by activating the enzymes that release these other, more specific chemical messengers from the cell wall.

The five well-known plant hormones are not useful in controlling the growth crops because_____.

A.it is not known exactly what functions the hormones perform

B.each hormone has various effects on plants

C.none of the hormones can function without the others

D.each hormone has different effects on different kinds of plants

10

The passage that the place of hypothalamic hormones in the hormonal hierarchies of animals is similar to the place of____.

A.plant cell walls

B.the complement of genes in each plant cell

C.a subset of a plant cell’s gene complement

D.the five major hormones