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1999年6月北京成人本科学位英语真题试卷

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  • 卷面总分:100分
  • 试卷类型:历年真题
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试卷简介

题型:

  • 1.Reading Comprehension
  • 2.Vocabulary and Structure
  • 3.Identification
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1

"High tech" and "state of the art" are two expressions that describe very modern technology. High tech is just a shorter way of saying high technology. And high technology describes any invention, system of device that uses the newest ideas or discoveries of science and engineering. What is high tech? A computer is high tech. So is a communications satellite. A modern manufacturing(生产) system is surely high tech. High tech became a popular expression in the United States during the early 1980's. Because of improvements in technology, people could buy many new kinds of products in American stores, such as home computers, microwave(微波) ovens, etc.

  "State of the art" is something that is as modern as possible. It is a product that is based on the very latest methods and technology. Something that is "state of the art" is the newest possible design or product of a business or industry. A state of the art television set, for example, uses the most modern electronic design and parts. It is the best that one can buy.

  "State of the art" is not a new expression. Engineers have used it for years to describe the best and most modern way of doing something. Millions of Americans began to use the expression in the late 1970's. The reason was the computer revolution. Every computer company claimed that its computers were "state of the art".

  Computer technology changed so fast that a state of the art computer today might be old tomorrow. The expression "state of the art" became common and popular as computers themselves. Now all kinds of products are said to be "state of the art".

What is the purpose of the passage?

A.To tell how "high tech" and "state of the art" have developed.

B.To give examples of "high tech".

C.To tell what "high tech" and "state of the art" are.

D.To describe very modern technology.

2

What can we infer from the passage?

A.American stores could provide new kinds of products to the people.

B.High tech describes a technology that is not traditional.

C.State of the art is not as popular as "high tech".

D.A modern plough pulled by oxen is "state of the art".

3

All the following examples are high tech EXCEPT______.

A.a microwave oven

B.a home computer

C.a hand pump

D.a satellite

4

Which of the following statements is NOT true?

A.Since the computer revolution, the expression "state of the art" has become popular.

B.State of the art means something that is the best one can have.

C.With the rapid development of computer technology, a state of the art computer may easily become out of date.

D.All kinds of products are "state of the art" nowadays.

5

The best title for the passage is_____.

A.Computer Technology

B.High Tech and State of the Art

C.Most Advanced Technology

D.Two New Expressions

6

Cheating: The income tax deadline(最后期限) approaches and some taxpayers' thoughts turn to it. Test time approaches and some students' thoughts turn to it.

  "You want something you can't get by behaving within the rules, and you want it badly enough you'll do it regardless of any guilt or deep regret, and you're willing to run the risk of being caught". That's how Ladd Wheeler, psychology professor at the University of Rochester in New York, defines cheating.

  Many experts believe cheating is on the rise. "We're suffering a moral breakdown", Pinkard says, "We're seeing more of the kind of person who regards the world as a series of things to be dealt with. Whether to cheat depends on whether it's the person's interest". He does, however, see less cheating among the youngest students.

  Richard Dienabier, Psychology(心理学) professor at the University of Nebraska in Lincoln, believes that society's attitudes account for much of the increase in cheating.

  "Twenty years ago, if a person cheated in college, society said; That is extremely serious, you will be dropped for a term if not kicked out permanently", he says. "Nowadays, at the University of Nebraska, for example, it is the stated policy of the college of Arts and Sciences that if a student cheats on an exam, the student must receive an 'F' on what he cheated on. That's nothing. If you're going to flunk anyway, why not cheat?"

  "Cheating is most likely in situations where the vital interests are high and the chances of getting caught are low", says social psychologist Lynn Kahle of the University of Oregon in Eugene.

The passage centers on______.

A.convincing the reader that cheating is immoral

B.discussing the reasons for cheating

C.describing how students cheat on exams

D.discussing how to control cheating

7

Cheating tends to occur when______.

A.one wants something badly

B.one can't get something in a right way

C.it is not very likely to be revealed

D.a series of things has to be dealt with

8

Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A.It is forgivable to cheat unless money is involved.

B.There has been a quick increase in cheating.

C.Most cheaters are college students.

D.Cheaters do not feel guilty and regretful.

9

What can be inferred from the passage?

A.Cheating is widespread because society is too tolerant.

B.Cheating is the result of intense pressure.

C.Cheating is cheating, whether on a test or on any other occasions.

D.Cheating comes together with civilization.

10

The word "flunk" in Paragraph 5 could best be replaced by which of the following?

A.Fear.

B.Fail.

C.Be pleased.

D.Succeed.

试卷评价(5条)

00****12   2013-10-14 14:10:40
做完了马上可以看到成绩,网上做题就这点好!
00****14   2013-09-08 20:24:54
Good,Good
00****49   2013-08-13 21:27:57
只能说我基础太差了点
00****82   2013-07-07 19:22:52
My gad,我怎么就这水平啊?
00****40   2013-05-31 01:36:07
你叫咋个考啊?
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