2010年11月北京成人本科学位英语真题试卷

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  • 试卷类型:历年真题
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  • 作答时间:120分钟
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试题类型:
  • 1.Reading Comprehension
  • 2.Vocabulary and Structure
  • 3.Identification
  • 4.Cloze
  • 5.Translation
试卷预览
  • 1.Reading Comprehension
  • 2.Vocabulary and Structure
  • 3.Identification
  • 4.Cloze
  • 5.Translation
1

Breastfeeding(母乳喂养) for a month or longer appears to reduce a woman's risk of getting diabetes(糖尿病) later in life, according to a new study.The breastfeeding and diabetes link has been reported in other studies, according to researcher Eleanor Schwarz.Yet, her study makes the link easier to believe.Her study is published in a journal of medicine in America.Schwarz and her colleagues looked at data about breastfeeding practices.They evaluated data on 2,233 women from California.Of those, 405were not mothers, 1,125 were mothers who breastfed for at least a month, and 703 were mothers who had never breastfed.They were 40 to 78 years old.

 According to Schwarz's study, the risk of getting a diagnosis(诊断) of Type 2 diabetes for women who breastfed all their children for a month or longer was similar to that of women who had not given birth.But mothers who had never breastfed were nearly twice as likely to develop diabetes as women who had never given birth.Mothers who never breastfed were about 1.4 times as likely to develop diabetes as women who breastfed for one to three months, Schwarz found.

 While one month of breastfeeding appears to make a difference, Schwarz says, even longer is better.(76)"Previous studies have shown the longer the mom breastfeeds, the more benefit for her body."Many experts recommend breastfeeding for six months and continuing for a year, she says.

 The diabetes-breastfeeding link is probably explained by belly fat.Mothers, who don't breastfeed, as they get older, may have more belly fat, as breastfeeding helps new mothers take off weight."Belly fat increases the risk of diabetes as you get older," she says.

 The finding isn't surprising at all, says Kimberly Gregory.She often gives advice to women who get diabetes occurring during pregnancy(怀孕) that they are at risk for later getting Type 2 diabetes and suggests they breastfeed.The new findings will probably inspire Gregory to add to the advice she gives moms-to-be about the benefits of breastfeeding.She often focuses on the benefits to the baby.

According to the first paragraph, which of the following statements is TRUE?

A.About two thousand and two hundred old women took part in the study.

B.Eleanor Schwarz's research program was about men and women who suffered from diabetes.

C.Over one fifths of the women never got married.

D.Eleanor Schwarz's results seem more reliable.

2

According to Schwarz's findings, who are more likely to get diabetes later in life?

A.Those mothers who had never breastfed.

B.Those mothers who never gave birth.

C.Those mothers who breastfed for a month.

D.Those mothers who breastfed for six months.

3

Which of the following statements would Schwarz agree with?

A.Breastfeeding is not advisable because it is not good for a mom to keep a good shape.

B.Breastfeeding can greatly reduce a mother's chances of getting all kinds of serious disease.

C.Breastfeeding for a month is highly recommended: the longer, the better.

D.Breastfeeding for a month or longer makes babies smarter.

4

What does the author mean by “moms-to-be” in the last paragraph?

A.Women who are pregnant, especially for the first time.

B.Women who dream of having babies for the first time.

C.Women who already have children.

D.Women who have just got babies for the first time.

5

Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

A.Breastfeeding May Enhance Babies' Chances of Survival

B.Breastfeeding May Lower Moms' Diabetes Risk

C.Breastfeeding May Become Very Fashionable in Near Future

D.Breastfeeding May Help Women Lose Weight

6

Archaeology, like many academic words, comes from Greek and means, more or less, "the study of old things".So, it is really a part of the study of history.However, most historians use paper evidence, such as letters, paintings and photographs, but archaeologists(考古学家)learn from the objects left behind by the humans of long ago.Normally, these are the hard materials that don't break down or disappear very quickly—things like human bones and objects made from stone and metal.

 It is very unusual to find anything more than the hard evidence of history—normally, the bacteria(细菌)in the air eat away at soft materials, like bodies, clothes and things made of wood.Occasionally, things are different.

 In 1984,two men made an amazing discovery while working in a bog called Lindow Moss, in the north of England.A bog is a very wet area of earth, with a lot of plants growing in it.It can be like a very big and very thick vegetable soup—walk in the wrong place and you can sink and disappear forever.The men were working when one of them saw something sticking out—a human foot! Naturally, the men called the police, who then found the rest of the body.Was it a case of murder? Possibly—buy it was a death nearly two thousand years old.The two men had found a body from the time of the Roman invasion of Britain.Despite being so old, this body had skin, muscles, hair and internal organs—the scientists who examined him were able to look inside the man's stomach and find the food that he had eaten for his last meal!

 Why was this man so well preserved? (77)It was because he was in a very watery environment, safe from the bacteria that need oxygen to live.Also, the water in the bog was very acidic.The acid preserved the man's skin in the way that animal skin is preserved for leather coats and shoes.

 How did he die? Understandably, archaeologists and other scientists wanted to know more about the person that they called, "Lindow Man".(78)His hands and fingernails suggested that he hadn't done heavy manual work in this life—he could have been a rich man.They found that he hadn't died by accident.The archaeologists believe that he was sacrificed to three different gods.

Which language does the word"rchaeology"om from?

A.French.

B.Greek

C.Roman.

D.German.

7

The word "hese"in the first paragraph refers to _____.

A.letters

B.photographs

C.paintings

D.objects

8

Which of the following helped to preserve "indow Man"

A.Ice and low temperature

B.Bacteria and oxygen

C.Soil and energy

D.Acid and water

9

According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

A.indow Manas named after the person who first found him

B.Historians usually use paper evidence, while archaeologists use hard evidence

C.indow Manwas found by two archaeologists in the south of England

D.ndow Manwas good at manual work

10

Which is the best title for the passage?

A.What Is Archaeology?

B.Archaeology and History

C.An Amazing Archaeological Discovery

D.The Death of "indow Man"

1

By the end of last week 611 people from 49 countries _____ to attend the meeting, with nearly half coming from the United States, Germany and Britain.

A.had Registered

B.have Registered

C.Registered

D.were Registered

2

It was suggested that _____ big event like the Year of Russia in China should certainly benefit _____ relationship between the two countries.

A.a; the

B.the; a

C.a; /

D.the; /

3

Although he knew little about amount of work done in the field, he succeeded _____ other more well-informed experimenters failed.

A.as

B.unless

C.what

D.where

4

Having been praised by the teacher, the little girl ran back home, _____.

A.happily and satisfied

B.eager and excitedly

C.happy and satisfied

D.anxiously and excitedly

5

—How are their talks going on? Have they reached any agreement? —They only seemed to have agreed to set another date for _____ talks.

A.deeper

B.slower

C.further

D.higher

6

_____ ten minutes earlier, you wouldn't have missed the train.But you were late.

A.Had you come

B.Did you come

C.Have you come

D.Should you come

7

Having been told that her son died in the accident, the old woman appeared very calm, as if nothing _____.

A.happened

B.were happened

C.was happened

D.had happened

8

You should carefully think over _____ the manager said at the meeting.

A.that

B.which

C.what

D.whose

9

Last week I wrote to the hotel to book a room, but they _____ yet.

A.didn't answer

B.wasn't answering

C.hadn't answered

D.haven't answered

10

Diana felt very much upset at _____ to the party as she had longed to go for a long time.

A.having not been invited

B.not having been invited

C.not to be invite

D.to be not invited

1

(Who) (has eyes) can see (what great achievements) we (have made) since 1978.

A.Who

B.has eyes

C.what great achievements

D.have made

2

Surely, there are (lots of problems) (solving in) our research so we (need to) (get well prepared) in advance.

A.lots of problems

B.solving in

C.need to

D.get well prepared

3

(The harder) he tried, (the most failures) he (suffered) in his early days (as a writer).

A.The harder

B.the most failures

C.suffered

D.as a writer

4

I (don't think) a warm winter always (has) a negative influence (on) our life, (hasn't it)?

A.don't think

B.has

C.on

D.hasn't it

5

We (have been told) that under (no) circumstances (we may) use the telephone in the office (for personal affairs).

A.have been told

B.no

C.we may

D.for personal affairs

6

A warm thought suddenly (came to) me (which) I might (use) the pocket money to buy some flowers (for) my mother's birthday.

A.came to

B.which.

C.use

D.for

7

(To wait) in the queue (for) half an hour, the old man suddenly (realized) that he (had left) the wallet in the car.

A.To wait

B.for

C.realized

D.had left

8

(The) Great Wall is (so a) well-known (tourist attraction) that (millions) of people pour in every year.

A.The

B.so a

C.tourist attraction

D.milions

9

(Equipped with) modern facilities, (today's hospitals) are quite (different from) (that) of the past.

A.Equipped with

B.today's hospitals

C.different from

D.that

10

We solved the problem (by using) a computer rather (than) (to do) it all (by hand).

A.by using

B.than

C.to do

D.by hand

1

We have quite a bit of information about ancient Egyptian medicine.Doctors' instructions have been found to tell us【56】they did for the sick and the injured.【57】many of the treatments included magic, ancient Egyptians used plant leaves and other methods to treat many【58】.

 Religion, magic and medicine were【59】related in ancient Egypt.Some priests (牧师) were specially【60】as doctors to【61】the sick and the injured.Doctors were held to a high moral standard.Patients was treated with【62】and their【63】information was highly secret.The highest-ranking doctors were priests of the goddess Sekhmet,【64】controlled illnesses.Doctors spent a part each year【65】the goddess.Doctors were thought to be【66】to the gods and able to ask them for healing.

 Temples were centers for healing.【67】a person was ill, he or she would come to the temple or【68】a doctor for a diagnosis (诊断).A(n)【69】problem was not【70】, the diagnosis would be that the illness was caused by an evil spirit or curse.The doctor would use magic spells to【71】a cure.【72】, a diagnosis could not be reached.【73】this case, a patient would be told to rest for a period of time【74】another examination could be【75】.

(56)

A.that

B.why

C.what

D.which

2

(57)

A.When

B.Although

C.Since

D.After

3

(58)

A.damages

B.diseases

C.disasters

D.destructions

4

(59)

A.hardly

B.closely

C.mainly

D.shortly

5

(60)

A.trained

B.designed

C.planed

D.studied

6

(61)

A.look to

B.come to

C.care for

D.search for

7

(62)

A.reputation

B.respect

C.fame

D.inspection

8

(63)

A.ill

B.own

C.hidden

D.personal

9

(64)

A.that

B.which

C.who

D.what

10

(65)

A.serving

B.reading

C.learning

D.following