The market is a concept. If you are growing tomatoes in your backyard for sale you are producing for the market. You might sell some to your neighbor and some to the manager of the local supermarket. But in either case, you are producing for the market. Your efforts are being directed by the market. If people stop buying tomatoes, you will stop producing them.
If you take care of a sick person to earn money, you are producing for the market. If your father is a steelworker or a truck driver or a doctor or a grocer, he is producing goods or service for the market.
When you spend your income, you are buying things from the market. You may spend money in stores, supermarkets, gas stations, and restaurants. Still you are buying from the market. When the local grocer hires you to drive the delivery truck, he is buying your labor in the labor market.
The market may seem to be something abstract. But for each person or businessman who is making and selling something, it's veryreal. If nobody buys your tomatoes, it won't be long before you get the message. The market is telling you something. It's telling you that you are using energies and resources in doing something the market doesn't want you to do.
Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
A.Selling and Buying.
B.What is the Market?
C.Everything You Do Is Producing for the Market.
D.What Can the Market Do for You?
All of the following acts are producing for the market EXCEPT______.
A.working in a bank
B.printing a book
C.attending a night school
D.growing beans for sale
You are buying from the market when you______.
A.borrow a book from the library
B.look after your children
C.drive to the seaside for a holiday
D.dine at a restaurant
The word "real" in the last paragraph may most probably mean______.
In what way is the market very real for each person or businessman who is making and selling something?
A.It tells you what to produce.
B.It tells you how to grow tomatoes.
C.It provides you with everything you need.
D.It helps you save money.
England is not a big country: from north to south and from east to west it is only about three hundred miles across. But for a small country it has a surprising range of climate. People who have never visited England, or who have visited only one part of it, often make the mistake of thinking that it is a cold and wet country. Except for the summer months of June to September, this is probably true of the north of England and the Midlands. In the south, however, the climate is much more pleasant. One result is that when people retire from a job in the north they often prefer to move down to the milder south.
Perhaps the warmest part of the country is the southwest, which consists of the counties of Devon and Cornwall. The warm Gulf Stream flows across the North Atlantic Ocean from the Gulf of Mexico and makes the coastal regions of the southwest quite warm. Palm trees, bamboo(竹) and many semi-tropical(亚热带的) plants grow well in the southwest of England. Flowers and vegetables ripen(成熟) as much as a month earlier than those elsewhere. Farmers in the area obtain a higher price for their vegetables and flowers because they are ready earlier. In winter there may be several feet of snow in other parts of England but there will probably be no snow at all in the southwest. This may be one of the reasons why the southwest is one of England's most popular holiday areas.
The distance from the center of England to the south coast is about______.
A.one hundred miles
B.threes hundred miles
C.one hundred and fifty miles
D.six hundred miles
England is a country______.
A.with a cold and wet climate
B.with a surprising climate
C.with a pleasant climate
D.with a variety of climates
According to the passage, ______.
A.flowers and vegetables from Devon are on the market one month earlier
B.farmers in the southwest grow as many vegetables and flowers as farmers elsewhere
C.people in the southwest have to pay a higher price for vegetables and flowers
D.vegetables in Cornwall ripen as much as a month earlier than flowers
In the north of England and the Midlands, ______.
A.it is cold and wet all the year round
B.the climate is pleasant as a whole
C.it is warm most of the time in a year
D.only the summer is not cold and wet
In winter, people in Devon and Cornwall______.
A.seldom see snow
B.never see any snow
C.may have several feet of snow
D.often see snow
Let's go to the cinema tonight. I ______ for you at the gate.
D.shall have waited
Mr. and Mrs. Smith didn't expect the house ______ so well.
A.to be decorated
The United States is composed of fifty states, two of ______ are separated from the others by land or water.
The chemistry class ______ for five minutes when we hurried there.
A.had been on
C.has been on
D.would be on
By the time Juan gets home, his aunt ______.
C.will have left
The disease ______ his mind so that he lost his memory.
The new English dictionary I bought yesterday ______ me almost twenty yuan.
In fact he had done ______ he could to help the poor.
They discussed the problem three or four times, but could come to no
She is very careful. She ______ very few mistakes in her work.
(In) his (latest) article, the reporter criticized the way (which) the racial problem was (being handled).
If you read the book (a second time), (and you) will probably have (quite a different) understanding of the events (described) in it.
A.a second time
C.quite a different
(If) the experiment succeeds or fails, it will (provide us with) valuable (experience), which is essential to (improving) our future work.
B.provide us with
It was (through) his uncle's influence (which) Philip obtained his (position) (with) the biggest oil company in the country.
It was (during) the 1990's (that) the friendship between Edward and Jeremy reached (their) (highest) point.
George and his brother (have a little) in common (except that) they (share) the same interest (in) playing football.
A.have a little
You've to (hurry up) (if) you want to buy something (because) there's hardly (something) left.
I (came) here three and (a half months) ago. I think I (have made) (a good progress) in English.
B.a half months
D.a good progress
When we walked (past) the theater, there were a lot of people (waited) (in) a long line (outside) the box office.
Our football team (feels) (proud of that) it 9has won) every match (this year).
B.proud of that