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2009年11月北京成人本科学位英语真题试卷

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  • 卷面总分:100分
  • 试卷类型:历年真题
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  • 练习次数:12次
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试卷简介

题型:

  • 1.Reading Comprehension
  • 2.Vocabulary and Structure
  • 3.Identification
  • 4.Cloze
  • 5.Translation
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历年真题

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1

According to a recent survey, employees in many companies today work longer hours than employees did in 1979.They also take shorter vacations than employees in 1979.It seems that Americans are working harder today than ever before. Or are they? A management consultant, Bill Meyer, decided to find out. For three days, he observed an investment banker hard at work. Meyer wrote down everything the banker did during his long workday, At the end of the three-day period, Meyer reviewed the banker’s activities with him. What did they find out? They discovered that the man spent 80 percent of his time doing unnecessary work. For example, he attended unnecessary meetings, made redundant (多余的) telephone calls, and spent time packing and unpacking his two big briefcases.

  (76)Apparently, many people believe that the more time a person spends at work, the more he or she accomplishes.When employers evaluate employees, they often consider the amount of time on the job in addition to job performance. Employees know this. Although many working people can do their job effectively during a regular 40-hour work week, they feel they have to spend more time on the job after normal working hours so that the people who can promote them see them.

  A group of headhunters (猎头) were asked their opinion about a situation. They had a choice of two candidates for an executive position with an important company. The candidates had similar qualifications for the job.For example, they were both reliable. One could do the job well in a 40-hour work week. The other would do the Same job in an 80-hour work week just as well. According to a headhunting expert, the 80-hour-a-week candidate would get the job.The time this candidate spends on the job may encourage other employees to spend mote time at work, too. Employers believe that if the employees stay at work later, they may actually do more work.

  However, the connection between time and productivity (生产率) is not always positive. (77)In fact, many studies indicate that after a certain point, anyone’s productivity and creativity begin to decrease.Some employees are not willing to spend so much extra, unproductive time at the office once they finish their work satisfactorily, they want to relax and enjoy themselves. For these people, the Solution is to find a company that encourages people to do both.

What is the main idea of this passage?

A.Many people work long hours but do not always do a lot of work.

B.Most people can get more work done by working longer hours.

C.Most Americans work 80 hours a week and some work even longer.

D.People can make more money by working longer hours.

2

The management consultant wanted to find out______.

A.how hard the investment banker worked during his work hours

B.when people spent time doing unnecessary work in their office

C.if people needed vacation after working hard for a certain period of time

D.whether Americans were really working harder than they had done before

3

Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A.The more time a person spends at work, the more he or she accomplishes.

B.Employers do not judge their employees’ job performance according to the amount of working time.

C.Some people work more than 40 hours a week in the hope of getting promotion.

D.All employees are willing to spend extra time at work.

4

The 80-hour-a-week candidate would get the job because employers believe______.

A.that he is more reliable

B.his example would lead other employees to work longer hours

C.he has better qualifications

D.he could encourage other employees to do a better job

5

The expression “to do both” in the last paragraph is______.

A.to finish their work satisfactorily and relax and enjoy themselves

B.to pay attention to both performance and productivity

C.to work long hours and have short vacations

D.to relax and enjoy themselves quite frequently

6

Many private institutions of higher education around the country are in danger. Not all will be saved, and perhaps not all deserve to be saved. There are low-quality Schools just as there are low-quality businesses. We have no obligation to save them simply because they exist. But many thriving institutions that deserve to continue are threatened. They are doing a fine job educationally, but they are caught in a financial difficulty, with no way to reduce rising costs or increase revenues (收入) significantly. Raising fees doesn’t bring in more revenue, for each time fees go up, the enrollment (注册人数) goes down, or the amount that must be given away in student aid goes up. (78)Schools are bad businesses, whether public or private, not usually because of bad management but because of the nature of the business.They lose money on every customer, and they can go bankrupt either from too few students or too many students. Even a very good college is a very bad business.

  It is such colleges, thriving but threatened, that I worry about. Low enrollment is not their chief problem. Even with full enrollments, they may go under Efforts to save them, and preferably to keep them private, are a national necessity. (79)There is no basis for arguing that private schools are bound to be better than public schools.There are plentiful examples to the contrary. Anyone can name state universities and colleges that rank as the finest in the nation and the world. it is now inevitable that public institutions will be dominant, and therefore diversity (多样性) is a national necessity. Diversity in the way we support schools tends to give us a healthy diversity in the forms of education. In an imperfect society such as ours, uniformity of education throughout the nation could be dangerous. In an imperfect society, diversity is a positive good. Eager supporters of public higher education know the importance of keeping private higher education healthy.

In the passage, the author asks the public to support______.

A.private higher education in general

B.public higher education in general

C.high-quality private universities and colleges

D.high-quality state universities and colleges

7

According to the passage, schools are bad businesses because of______.

A.the nature of school

B.poor teachers

C.bad management

D.too few students

8

The phrase “go under” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to______.

A.have low fees

B.get into difficulties

C.do a bad job educationally

D.have low teaching standards

9

Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A.There are many cases indicating that private schools are superior to public Schools.

B.The author thinks diversity of education is preferable to uniformity of education.

C.A high-quality university is always a good business.

D.Each time fees are raised, the enrollment goes up.

10

In the author’s opinion, the way that can save private schoo1s lies in______.

A.full enrollment

B.raising fees

C.reducing student aid

D.national support

试卷评价(5条)

00****00   2014-01-18 13:08:38
很不错的东东!
00****83   2013-07-24 22:29:01
不错的学习网站,值得推荐!
00****97   2013-06-18 20:24:54
还欠练习,需要多练习才行
00****21   2013-04-16 00:32:03
多少分及格
00****67   2013-03-11 05:46:17
试题质量还有待提高
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